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The Four Types of OCD Symptoms
Symptoms of OCD in young adults typically fall into one of four categories:
Consequently, some of the most common symptoms of severe OCD include:
- Fear of germs and getting sick
- Anxiety about your safety or the safety of a loved one
- Extreme concern about environmental contaminants or chemicals, such as asbestos or household cleaners
- Dread of blurting out insults or obscenities, or of hurting someone by accident
- Refusing to get rid of broken or worn-out things
- Obsessive thoughts about violence, sex, or hurting others or oneself
- Physical tics, including eye blinking, grimacing, shrugging, jerking one’s head, clearing one’s throat, grunting, etc.
- Repeatedly checking that light switches are off, doors are locked, oven is off, etc.
- Arranging objects in a very specific way
- Opening and closing doors or doing other tasks a prescribed number of times
- Constant washing of hands and other repetitive cleaning and checking of oneself or one’s things
- Compulsive counting, rereading, or rewriting.
Young adults who have experienced childhood trauma, such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, or the loss of a parent, have a higher risk of developing OCD.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, individuals whose parents or other family members suffer from OCD are more likely to develop the disorder.
Research shows that OCD may be linked to abnormal structures or function in the frontal cortex and subcortical areas of the brain. A meta-analysis using data from 10 studies found that the brains of OCD patients respond to “error messages” in the neural network rather than heeding the brain’s signals to stop their behaviors.
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS) refers to the development of OCD symptoms following a strep infection. Researchers believe that PANDAS is the result of an autoimmune response to the strep infection that affects brain cells, resulting in tics and other OCD-like behaviors.
Care at Newport Institute
Once you begin your healing journey at one of our OCD residential treatment programs, your Treatment Team will work with you, your family, and your referring professional to create a detailed Obsessive Compulsive Disorder treatment plan.
At Newport we combine together the experiential with the psychological. Our program is not rigid by design, it is constantly evolving based on the needs of each residence and also our experience of what works best. Our goal is to build a connection based on love and support instead of fear and rejection, reaching a state of transformation that will last
Dr. Michel Mennesson, MD